Earlier von Trotha issued an ultimatum to the Herero people, denying them the right of being German subjects and ordering them to leave the country, or be killed.
To escape, the Herero retreated into the waterless Omaheke region, a western arm of the Kalahari Desert , where many of them died of thirst.
The German forces guarded every water source and were given orders to shoot any adult male Herero on sight.
Only a few Herero managed to escape into neighbouring British territories. This bold enterprise shows up in the most brilliant light the ruthless energy of the German command in pursuing their beaten enemy.
No pains, no sacrifices were spared in eliminating the last remnants of enemy resistance. Like a wounded beast the enemy was tracked down from one water-hole to the next, until finally he became the victim of his own environment.
The arid Omaheke [desert] was to complete what the German army had begun: In late , the Nama entered the struggles against the colonial power under their leaders Hendrik Witbooi and Jakobus Morenga , the latter often referred to as "the black Napoleon ".
This uprising was finally quashed during — In total, between 25, and , Herero, more than 10, Nama and 1, Germans died in the conflict.
After the official end of the conflict, the remaining natives, when finally released from detention, were subject to a policy of dispossession, deportation, forced labour, and racial segregation and discrimination in a system that in many ways anticipated apartheid.
The genocide remains relevant to ethnic identity in independent Namibia and to relations with Germany. The Germans maintained a number of concentration camps in the colony during their war against the Herero and Nama peoples.
Besides these camps the indigenous people were interned in other places. These included private businesses and government projects,  ships offshore,    Etappenkommando in charge of supplies of prisoners to companies, private persons, etc.
Concentration camps implies poor sanitation and a population density that would imply disease. During the First World War , South African troops opened hostilities with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station on 13 September German settlers were transported to prison camps near Pretoria and later in Pietermaritzburg.
Because of the overwhelming superiority of the South African troops, the German Schutztruppe , along with groups of Afrikaner volunteers fighting in the Maritz Rebellion on the German side, offered opposition only as a delaying tactic.
After the war, the territory came under the control of Britain, and then was made a South African League of Nations mandate. Many German names, buildings, and businesses still exist in the country, and about 30, people of German descent still live there.
German is still widely used in Namibia, with the Namibian Broadcasting Corporation operating a German language radio station and broadcasting television news bulletins in German, while the daily newspaper Allgemeine Zeitung , founded in , remains in publication.
In addition, Lutheranism is the predominant Christian denomination in present-day Namibia. Most place names in German South West Africa continued to bear German spellings of the local names, as well as German translations of some local phrases.
The few exceptions to the rule included places founded by the Rhenish Missionary Society , generally biblical names, as well as:. However, World War I broke out before the designs were finished and implemented and the symbols were never actually taken into use.
Following the defeat in the war, Germany lost all its colonies and the prepared coat of arms and flags were therefore never used.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from German South-West Africa. German South West Africa. Other German possessions Black: Herero and Namaqua genocide.
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Coats of arms of German colonies. German Empire portal Colonialism portal. Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 10 February The Genocide of the Hereros, ".
Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 6 February Concentration camps and prisoners-of-war in Namibia, —," African Studies Centre, Leiden, , p.
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