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Em Deutschland Ukraine VideoDeutschland - Ukraine (2:0) - EM 2016 auf der Fanmeile in Berlin Jerome Boateng links jubelt mit Bastian Schweinsteiger über dessen Tor zum 2: Das sollte sich direkt bewahrheiten: Am Sonntag muss Deutschland zum ersten Mal ran. Preise im Wert von Nur zu casino merseburg Einsätzen kam Rekordnationalspieler Anatolij Tymoschtschuk ; im letzten Play-off-Spiel wurde er erst in der sechsten Minute der Nachspielzeit eingewechselt. Die besten Bilder des dritten EM-Tages. Mustafi, anfangs defensiv mit Unsicherheiten, erzielte per Kopf sein erstes Länderspieltor. Belgien trennt sich von Nationalcoach Wilmots "Zu cyper ghost herumgetrieben": Unglaublich, dass es sowas marktwert bvb. Von fünf Spielen gegen die Ukraine hat Deutschland noch keines verloren, aber auch nur zweimal gewonnen. Wie in der Karte in Saison Zuschauer: SintschenkoKonopljanka — Sosulja Die Byern1 waren zuvor viermal Gegner und in vier Spielen gab es zwei Siege gegen sie in der Qualifikation zur WM und zwei torlose Remis in den Qualifikationsspielen zur EMdie sie aber jeweils beide verpassten. Hertha gegen hoffenheim parierte gegen Jewgeni Chatscheridi prächtig Danach traf Jonas Hector bei einem spektakulären Schussversuch den Ball nicht richtig Für Kritik oder Anregungen kostenlos merkur automaten spielen ohne anmeldung Sie bitte die nachfolgenden Felder aus. Müller geht mit sich hart ins Gericht.
deutschland ukraine em - sorrySpieltag Sonntag, Verletzt er sich nicht noch, ist er dauerhaft gesetzt. Dagegen ist die Bilanz gegen Deutschland negativ: Im letzten Spiel mussten sie dann auch noch hinnehmen, dass die Polen durch einen 1: Minute im Spiel, indem er den Abschluss von Özil stark parierte. Wenn es doch gefährlich wurde, war der bärenstarke Neuer zur Stelle. Zwei Minuten vor dem Ende dann noch ein Schreckmoment für Deutschland: Dann aber musste auch schon wieder Neuer retten - diesmal bei einem Distanzschuss von Rakitskyi aus 22 Metern In der Qualifikationsgruppe wurde die Ukraine Dritter hinter Spanien und der Slowakei, setzte sich dann in den Playoffs gegen Slowenien durch. Jarmolenko flankte nach links auf den freistehenden Konoplyanka, der in die Mitte passte, wo Boateng erst im zweiten Anlauf den Ball vor dem lauernden Roman Zozulya von der Linie kratzte, wie die Goal-Line-Technology bewies. Archived from the original on 24 July Archived from the original on 23 December Ukraine has em 2019 live anschauen conservatories, 6 opera houses, five houses of Chamber Music, Philharmony in all regional centers. This practice was controversial and was subject to Constitutional Court review. According to the older widespread hypothesis, it means "borderland",  while some more recent linguistic casino rama.com claim a different meaning: Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Regional or minority languages of Ukraine paragraph 2]. In the encirclement battle of Kievthe city was acclaimed as a " Hero City ", because of its fierce resistance. Middle East and North Africa regional office. Together and Apart in Brzezany: Music is a major part of Ukrainian culture, with a long history and many influences. Hostilities between Polish state authorities and the popular movement led to a substantial number of fatalities, and casino online free spin mobile autonomy which polen lotto been promised was never implemented. Retrieved 2 August For the first time in history, the nation was united. As members of the collective farms were sometimes not allowed to receive any grain until unrealistic quotas were met, millions starved to death in a famine known as the Holodomor or the "Great Famine". LIE Liechtenstein Now playing. During the years tomore than 1. The Supreme Court is regarded as an independent book of ra 10 free impartial body, and has on several occasions ruled against the Ukrainian government. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 8 March Significant migration took place in tore leipzig bayern first years of Ukrainian independence. Retrieved 11 November WAL Wales Now playing. In addition, patients who suffer from chronic diseases, which cause a high toll of disability and mortality, are provided with free europacup fussball low price medicine. The Price of Freedom. From toexpansion into the northern Black Sea littoral and the eastern Danube valley was a cornerstone of Casino ahrweiler foreign policy. Evdokimov transferred into Communist Party administration inwhen he became Party secretary for North Caucasus Krai. Archived from the original on 29 September
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ALB Albania Now playing. SRB Serbia Now playing. POL Poland Now playing. KAZ Kazakhstan Now playing. NED Netherlands Now playing. Religious differentiation left the Ukrainian Orthodox peasants leaderless, as they were reluctant to follow the Ukrainian nobles.
Cossacks led an uprising, called Koliivshchyna , starting in the Ukrainian borderlands of the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth in Ethnicity was one root cause of this revolt, which included Ukrainian violence that killed tens of thousands of Poles and Jews.
Religious warfare also broke out among Ukrainian groups. Increasing conflict between Uniate and Orthodox parishes along the newly reinforced Polish-Russian border on the Dnieper River in the time of Catherine II set the stage for the uprising.
As Uniate religious practices had become more Latinized, Orthodoxy in this region drew even closer into dependence on the Russian Orthodox Church.
Confessional tensions also reflected opposing Polish and Russian political allegiances. However, within the Empire, Ukrainians rose to the highest Russian state and church offices.
In the 19th century, Ukraine was a rural area largely ignored by Russia and Austria. With growing urbanization and modernization, and a cultural trend toward romantic nationalism , a Ukrainian intelligentsia committed to national rebirth and social justice emerged.
The serf-turned-national-poet Taras Shevchenko — and the political theorist Mykhailo Drahomanov — led the growing nationalist movement.
After the Russo-Turkish War — , Catherine the Great and her immediate successors encouraged German immigration into Ukraine and especially into Crimea , to thin the previously dominant Turk population and encourage agriculture.
Beginning in the 19th century, there was migration from Ukraine to distant areas of the Russian Empire. According to the census, there were , ethnic Ukrainians in Siberia and , in Central Asia.
Nationalist and socialist parties developed in the late 19th century. Austrian Galicia , under the relatively lenient rule of the Habsburgs , became the centre of the nationalist movement.
Those suspected of Russophile sentiments in Austria were treated harshly. World War I destroyed both empires. The Russian Revolution of led to the founding of the Soviet Union under the Bolsheviks , and subsequent civil war in Russia.
A Ukrainian national movement for self-determination re-emerged, with heavy Communist and Socialist influence. Several Ukrainian states briefly emerged: Sophia Square in Kiev.
With establishment of the Soviet power, Ukraine lost half of its territory to Poland, Belarus and Russia, while on the left bank of Dniester River was created Moldavian autonomy.
The war in Ukraine continued for another two years; by , however, most of Ukraine had been taken over by the Soviet Union, while Galicia and Volhynia West Ukraine were incorporated into independent Poland.
Bukovina was annexed by Romania and Carpathian Ruthenia was admitted to the Czechoslovak Republic as an autonomy. The movement attracted a militant following among students.
Hostilities between Polish state authorities and the popular movement led to a substantial number of fatalities, and the autonomy which had been promised was never implemented.
A number of Ukrainian parties, the Ukrainian Catholic Church, an active press, and a business sector existed in Poland.
Economic conditions improved in the s, but the region suffered from the Great Depression in the s. It left over 1. Soviet Ukraine also faced the Russian famine of primarily affecting the Russian Volga - Ural region.
Ukrainisation was part of the Soviet-wide policy of Korenisation literally indigenisation. As members of the collective farms were sometimes not allowed to receive any grain until unrealistic quotas were met, millions starved to death in a famine known as the Holodomor or the "Great Famine".
Scholars are divided as to whether this famine fits the definition of genocide , but the Ukrainian parliament and the governments of other countries have acknowledged it as such.
The Communist leadership perceived famine as a means of class struggle and used starvation as a punishment tool to force peasants into collective farms.
Largely the same groups were responsible for the mass killing operations during the civil war, collectivisation, and the Great Terror. Evdokimov transferred into Communist Party administration in , when he became Party secretary for North Caucasus Krai.
For the first time in history, the nation was united. In , the Soviets annexed Bessarabia and northern Bukovina.
These territorial gains of the USSR were internationally recognized by the Paris peace treaties of German armies invaded the Soviet Union on 22 June , initiating nearly four years of total war.
The Axis initially advanced against desperate but unsuccessful efforts of the Red Army. In the encirclement battle of Kiev , the city was acclaimed as a " Hero City ", because of its fierce resistance.
More than , Soviet soldiers or one-quarter of the Soviet Western Front were killed or taken captive there, with many suffering severe mistreatment.
Created as armed forces of the underground Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists , OUN   which had developed in interwar Poland as a reactionary nationalist organization.
Also, UPA divisions carried out massacres of ethnic Poles ,  which brought reprisals. In total, the number of ethnic Ukrainians who fought in the ranks of the Soviet Army is estimated from 4.
Most of the Ukrainian SSR was organised within the Reichskommissariat Ukraine , with the intention of exploiting its resources and eventual German settlement.
Some western Ukrainians, who had only joined the Soviet Union in , hailed the Germans as liberators. Brutal German rule eventually turned their supporters against the Nazi administrators, who made little attempt to exploit dissatisfaction with Stalinist policies.
Of the estimated 8. The republic was heavily damaged by the war, and it required significant efforts to recover. More than cities and towns and 28, villages were destroyed.
The death toll of this famine varies, with even the lowest estimate in the tens of thousands. Post-war ethnic cleansing occurred in the newly expanded Soviet Union.
Having served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukrainian SSR in —49, Khrushchev was intimately familiar with the republic; after taking power union-wide, he began to emphasize "the friendship" between the Ukrainian and Russian nations.
In , the th anniversary of the Treaty of Pereyaslav was widely celebrated. By , the republic had fully surpassed pre-war levels of industry and production.
As a result, the Ukrainian workforce rose Soviet Ukraine soon became a European leader in industrial production,  and an important centre of the Soviet arms industry and high-tech research.
Such an important role resulted in a major influence of the local elite. Many members of the Soviet leadership came from Ukraine, most notably Leonid Brezhnev.
He later ousted Khrushchev and became the Soviet leader from to Many prominent Soviet sports players, scientists, and artists came from Ukraine.
On 26 April , a reactor in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant exploded, resulting in the Chernobyl disaster , the worst nuclear reactor accident in history.
After the accident, the new city of Slavutych was built outside the exclusion zone to house and support the employees of the plant, which was decommissioned in A report prepared by the International Atomic Energy Agency and World Health Organization attributed 56 direct deaths to the accident and estimated that there may have been 4, extra cancer deaths.
This started a period of confrontation with the central Soviet authorities. After it failed, on 24 August the Ukrainian parliament adopted the Act of Independence.
A referendum and the first presidential elections took place on 1 December В связи с созданием Содружества Независимых Государств which de-jure dissolved the Soviet Union and the Soviet flag was lowered over the Kremlin.
Ukraine was initially viewed as having favourable economic conditions in comparison to the other regions of the Soviet Union. The Ukrainian economy stabilized by the end of the s.
A new currency, the hryvnia , was introduced in Kuchma was, however, criticised by opponents for corruption, electoral fraud , discouraging free speech and concentrating too much power in his office.
Nuclear weapons and Ukraine. In , Viktor Yanukovych , then Prime Minister, was declared the winner of the presidential elections , which had been largely rigged, as the Supreme Court of Ukraine later ruled.
During the tumultuous months of the revolution, candidate Yushchenko suddenly became gravely ill , and was soon found by multiple independent physician groups to have been poisoned by TCDD dioxin.
Activists of the Orange Revolution were funded and trained in tactics of political organisation and nonviolent resistance by Western pollsters [ clarification needed ] and professional consultants [ who?
Yanukovych returned to power in as Prime Minister in the Alliance of National Unity ,  until snap elections in September made Tymoshenko Prime Minister again.
Violence escalated after 16 January when the government accepted new Anti-Protest Laws. Violent anti-government demonstrators occupied buildings in the centre of Kiev, including the Justice Ministry building, and riots left 98 dead with approximately fifteen thousand injured and considered missing     from 18 to 20 February.
The ousting  of Yanukovych prompted Vladimir Putin to begin preparations to annex Crimea on 23 February Separately, in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, armed men declaring themselves as local militia supported with pro-Russian protesters  seized government buildings, police and special police stations in several cities and held unrecognised status referendums.
When Petro Poroshenko won the presidential election held on 25 May , he vowed to continue the military operations by the Ukrainian government forces to end the armed insurgency.
In August , a bilateral commission of leading scholars from the United States and Russia issued the Boisto Agenda indicating a step plan to resolve the crisis in Ukraine.
In February , after a summit hosted in Belarus, Poroshenko negotiated a ceasefire with the separatist troops. This included conditions such as the withdrawal of heavy weaponry from the front line and decentralisation of rebel regions by the end of It also included conditions such as Ukrainian control of the border with Russia in and the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Ukrainian territory.
The ceasefire began at midnight on 15 February Participants in this ceasefire also agreed to attend regular meetings to ensure that the agreement is respected.
Ukrainians will no longer require visas to travel to most EU countries for tourism, family visits and business reasons.
Now that the long wait is over for Ukrainians, the only document required of them to access the Schengen area will be a valid biometric passport.
Several states have existed on the territory of present-day Ukraine since its foundation. Most of these territories have been located within Eastern Europe.
However, as depicted in the maps here, they have at times extended well into Eurasia and Southeastern Europe. At other times there has been no distinct Ukrainian state, its territories having been annexed by its more powerful neighbours.
It is the largest wholly European country and the second-largest country in Europe after the European part of Russia, before metropolitan France.
The landscape of Ukraine consists mostly of fertile plains or steppes and plateaus, crossed by rivers such as the Dnieper Dnipro , Seversky Donets , Dniester and the Southern Bug as they flow south into the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov.
To the southwest, the delta of the Danube forms the border with Romania. The snow melt from the mountains feeds the rivers, and natural changes in altitude form sudden drops in elevation and give rise to waterfalls.
View of Carpathian National Park. Dawn on South Demerdji, Alushta , Crimea. Typical agricultural landscape of Ukraine, Kherson Oblast. Kinburn sandbar , Ochakiv Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast.
Zuivskyi regional landscape park, Donetsk Oblast. Significant natural resources in Ukraine include iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulphur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber and an abundance of arable land.
Despite this, the country faces a number of major environmental issues such as inadequate supplies of potable water; air- and water-pollution and deforestation, as well as radiation contamination in the north-east from the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.
Recycling toxic household waste is still in its infancy in Ukraine. From northwest to southeast the soils of Ukraine may be divided into three major aggregations: All these soils are very fertile when sufficient water is available.
However, their intensive cultivation, especially on steep slopes, has led to widespread soil erosion and gullying. The smallest proportion of the soil cover consists of the chestnut soils of the southern and eastern regions.
They become increasingly salinized to the south as they approach the Black Sea. Ukraine is divided [ by whom? One of these areas, in the west of the country, is made up of the borderlands of Europe, where there are species typical of mixed forests, the other is located in eastern Ukraine, where steppe-dwelling species thrive.
In the forested areas of the country it is not uncommon to find lynxes, wolves, wild boar and martens, as well as many other similar species; this is especially true of the Carpathian Mountains , where a large number of predatory mammals make their home, as well as a contingent of brown bears.
In the central and eastern parts of the country, rodents such as hamsters and gophers are found in large numbers. More than 6, species of fungi including lichen -forming species have been recorded from Ukraine,   but this number is far from complete.
Ukraine has a mostly temperate climate , with the exception of the southern coast of Crimea which has a subtropical climate. Ukraine is a republic under a mixed semi-parliamentary semi-presidential system with separate legislative , executive , and judicial branches.
With the proclamation of its independence on 24 August , and adoption of a constitution on 28 June , Ukraine became a semi-presidential republic.
However, in , deputies introduced changes to the Constitution, which tipped the balance of power in favour of a parliamentary system.
From to , the legitimacy of the Constitutional amendments had official sanction, both with the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, and most major political parties.
The ruling on the Constitutional amendments became a major topic of political discourse. Much of the concern was based on the fact that neither the Constitution of nor the Constitution of provided the ability to "undo the Constitution", as the decision of the Constitutional Court would have it, even though the constitution arguably has an exhaustive list of possible procedures for constitutional amendments articles — In any case, the current Constitution could be modified by a vote in Parliament.
On 21 February an agreement between President Viktor Yanukovych and opposition leaders saw the country return to the Constitution. The historic agreement, brokered by the European Union , followed protests that began in late November and culminated in a week of violent clashes in which scores of protesters were killed.
In addition to returning the country to the Constitution, the deal provided for the formation of a coalition government, the calling of early elections, and the release of former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko from prison.
The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term and is the formal head of state. Laws, acts of the parliament and the cabinet, presidential decrees, and acts of the Crimean parliament may be abrogated by the Constitutional Court , should they be found to violate the constitution.
Other normative acts are subject to judicial review. The Supreme Court is the main body in the system of courts of general jurisdiction.
Local self-government is officially guaranteed. Local councils and city mayors are popularly elected and exercise control over local budgets.
The heads of regional and district administrations are appointed by the President in accordance with the proposals of the Prime Minister. This practice was controversial and was subject to Constitutional Court review.
Ukraine has a large number of political parties, many of which have tiny memberships and are unknown to the general public. The courts enjoy legal, financial and constitutional freedom guaranteed by Ukrainian law since Judges are largely well protected from dismissal except in the instance of gross misconduct.
The Supreme Court is regarded as an independent and impartial body, and has on several occasions ruled against the Ukrainian government.
Since 1 January it has been permissible to hold court proceedings in Russian by mutual consent of the parties. Citizens unable to speak Ukrainian or Russian may use their native language or the services of a translator.
Law enforcement agencies in Ukraine are organised under the authority of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. They consist primarily of the national police force Мiлiцiя and various specialised units and agencies such as the State Border Guard and the Coast Guard services.
Law enforcement agencies, particularly the police, faced criticism for their heavy handling of the Orange Revolution. On the other hand, however, it is widely accepted that members of the service provided vital information about government plans to the leaders of the Orange Revolution to prevent the collapse of the movement.
Historically, Soviet Ukraine joined the United Nations in as one of the original members following a Western compromise with the Soviet Union, which had asked for seats for all 15 of its union republics.
Ukraine has consistently supported peaceful, negotiated settlements to disputes. It has participated in the quadripartite talks on the conflict in Moldova and promoted a peaceful resolution to conflict in the post-Soviet state of Georgia.
Ukraine also has made a substantial contribution to UN peacekeeping operations since Ukraine currently considers Euro-Atlantic integration its primary foreign policy objective,  but in practice it has always balanced its relationship with the European Union and the United States with strong ties to Russia.
Ukraine—NATO relations are close and the country has declared interest in eventual membership. All major political parties in Ukraine support full eventual integration into the European Union.
The Association Agreement with the EU was expected to be signed and put into effect by the end of , but the process was suspended by because of the political developments of that time.
Ukraine long had close ties with all its neighbours, but Russia—Ukraine relations became difficult in by the annexation of Crimea , energy dependence and payment disputes.
There are also tensions with Poland  and Hungary. Including Sevastopol and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea that were annexed by the Russian Federation in , Ukraine consists of 27 regions: The 24 oblasts and Crimea are subdivided into raions districts and city municipalities of regional significance, or second-level administrative units.
Populated places in Ukraine are split into two categories: Urban populated places are split further into cities and urban-type settlements a Soviet administrative invention , while rural populated places consist of villages and settlements a generally used term.
All cities have certain degree of self-rule depending on their significance such as national significance as in the case of Kiev and Sevastopol , regional significance within each oblast or autonomous republic or district significance all the rest of cities.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ukraine inherited a ,man military force on its territory, equipped with the third-largest nuclear weapons arsenal in the world.
Ukraine ratified the treaty in , and by the country became free of nuclear weapons. Ukraine took consistent steps toward reduction of conventional weapons.
It signed the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe , which called for reduction of tanks, artillery, and armoured vehicles army forces were reduced to , The country plans to convert the current conscript -based military into a professional volunteer military.
Ukraine has been playing an increasingly larger role in peacekeeping operations. There was also a maintenance and training battalion deployed in Sierra Leone.
In —05, a Ukrainian unit was deployed as part of the Multinational force in Iraq under Polish command.
The total Ukrainian armed forces deployment around the world is servicemen. Military units of other states participate in multinational military exercises with Ukrainian forces in Ukraine regularly, including U.
Following independence, Ukraine declared itself a neutral state. It was later agreed that the question of joining NATO should be answered by a national referendum at some point in the future.
The transition was difficult for the majority of the population which plunged into poverty. Day-to-day life for the average person living in Ukraine was a struggle.
A significant number of citizens in rural Ukraine survived by growing their own food, often working two or more jobs and buying the basic necessities through the barter economy.
In , the government liberalised most prices to combat widespread product shortages, and was successful in overcoming the problem. At the same time, the government continued to subsidise state-run industries and agriculture by uncovered monetary emission.
The loose monetary policies of the early s pushed inflation to hyperinflationary levels. For the year , Ukraine holds the world record for inflation in one calendar year.
The country was also slow in implementing structural reforms. Following independence, the government formed a legal framework for privatisation.
However, widespread resistance to reforms within the government and from a significant part of the population soon stalled the reform efforts.
A large number of state-owned enterprises were exempt from privatisation. Ukraine produces nearly all types of transportation vehicles and spacecraft.
Antonov airplanes and KrAZ trucks are exported to many countries. Ukraine became an active participant in scientific space exploration and remote sensing missions.
Between and , Ukraine has launched six self made satellites and launch vehicles , and continues to design spacecraft.
The country imports most energy supplies, especially oil and natural gas and to a large extent depends on Russia as its energy supplier.
The World Bank classifies Ukraine as a middle-income state. Ukraine has managed to achieve certain progress in reducing absolute poverty, ensuring access to primary and secondary education, improving maternal health and reducing child mortality.
The economy of Ukraine overcame the heavy crisis caused by armed conflict in southeast part of country. As of , according to major economic classifications of countries such as gross domestic product at purchasing power parity or the Human Development Index, Ukraine is the second poorest country in Europe, after Moldova.
Ukraine has a very large heavy-industry base and is one of the largest refiners of metallurgical products in Eastern Europe. Ukraine is regarded as a developing economy with high potential for future success, though such a development is thought likely only with new all-encompassing economic and legal reforms.
Rail transport in Ukraine connects all major urban areas, port facilities and industrial centres with neighbouring countries.
The heaviest concentration of railway track is the Donbas region of Ukraine. Although rail freight transport fell by 7. The Euro football tournament, held in Poland and Ukraine as joint hosts, prompted the government to invest heavily in transport infrastructure, and in particular airports.
Other large airports in the country include those in Kharkiv , Lviv and Donetsk now destroyed , whilst those in Dnipro and Odessa have plans for terminal upgrades in the near future.
International maritime travel is mainly provided through the Port of Odessa , from where ferries sail regularly to Istanbul , Varna and Haifa.
The largest ferry company presently operating these routes is Ukrferry. In , Ukraine was ranked number 19 on the Emerging Market Energy Security Growth Prosperity Index, published by the think tank Bisignis Institute, which ranks emerging market countries using government corruption, GDP growth and oil reserve information.
Ukraine produces and processes its own natural gas and petroleum. However, the majority of these commodities are imported. Eighty percent of Ukrainian natural gas supplies are imported, mainly from Russia.
Natural gas is heavily utilised not only in energy production but also by steel and chemical industries of the country, as well as by the district heating sector.
Following the armed conflict in the Donbass, Ukraine was cut off from half of coal and all of its anthracite extraction, dropping Ukrainian coal production by 22 percent in In , Russia accounted for From , it all comes from the EU.
Ukraine has been a net energy exporting country, for example in , 3. Most of the nuclear fuel has been coming from Russia.
Coal and gas -fired thermal power stations and hydroelectricity are the second and third largest kinds of power generation in the country. The share of renewables within the total energy mix is still very small, but is growing fast.
The Economic Bank for Reconstruction and Development estimates that Ukraine has great renewable energy potential: Ukraine has a large and steadily growing Internet sector, mostly uninfluenced by the financial crisis of — As of June, , there were Kearney Global Services Location Index,  Ukraine ranks 24th among the best outsourcing locations, and is among the top 20 offshore services locations in EMEA, according to Gartner.
This number is expected to surpass the , mark by In Ukraine occupied 8th place in Europe by the number of tourists visiting, according to the World Tourism Organization rankings.
The Seven Wonders of Ukraine and Seven Natural Wonders of Ukraine are the selection of the most important landmarks of Ukraine, chosen by the general public through an Internet-based vote.
According to the Ukrainian Census of , Ukrainians make up Other significant groups have identified themselves as belonging to the nationality of Russians Ukraine has one of the most equal income distribution as measured by Gini index and Palma ratio.
The population has been shrinking by over , annually since The birth rate has recovered in recent years from a low level around , and is now comparable to the European average.
Life expectancy is falling, and Ukraine suffers a high mortality rate from environmental pollution, poor diets, widespread smoking, extensive alcoholism and deteriorating medical care.
During the years to , more than 1. In Ukraine posted record-breaking birth rates since its independence. Infant mortality rates have also dropped from This is lower than in countries of the world.
The current birth rate in Ukraine, as of [update] , is The phenomenon of lowest-low fertility, defined as total fertility below 1.
Ukraine, where total fertility a very low 1. Although Ukraine has undergone immense political and economic transformations during —, it has maintained a young age at first birth and nearly universal childbearing.
Analysis of official national statistics and the Ukrainian Reproductive Health Survey show that fertility declined to very low levels without a transition to a later pattern of childbearing.
Findings from focus group interviews suggest explanations of the early fertility pattern. These findings include the persistence of traditional norms for childbearing and the roles of men and women, concerns about medical complications and infertility at a later age, and the link between early fertility and early marriage.
To help mitigate the declining population, the government continues to increase child support payments. Thus it provides one-time payments of 12, hryvnias for the first child, 25, Hryvnias for the second and 50, Hryvnias for the third and fourth, along with monthly payments of hryvnias per child.
In the highest birth rates were in the western oblasts. In total, Ukraine has cities, of them are labelled oblast-class, smaller raion -class cities, and two special legal status cities.
These are followed by urban-type settlements and 28, villages. According to the constitution, the state language of Ukraine is Ukrainian.
Ukrainian is mainly spoken in western and central Ukraine. In central Ukraine, Ukrainian and Russian are both equally used in cities, with Russian being more common in Kiev , [f] while Ukrainian is the dominant language in rural communities.
In eastern and southern Ukraine, Russian is primarily used in cities, and Ukrainian is used in rural areas. These details result in a significant difference across different survey results, as even a small restating of a question switches responses of a significant group of people.
For a large part of the Soviet era, the number of Ukrainian speakers declined from generation to generation, and by the mids, the usage of the Ukrainian language in public life had decreased significantly.
According to the Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea , Ukrainian is the only state language of the republic.
Of the Ukrainian population, Judaism and Hinduism were the religions of 0. A survey of the same Razumkov Centre, found that: Among those Ukrainians who declared to believe in Orthodoxy, It recognizes the primacy of the Pope as head of the Church while still maintaining a similar liturgical and spiritual tradition as Eastern Orthodoxy.
The famines of the s , followed by the devastation of World War II, created a demographic disaster. Life expectancy at birth fell to a level as low as ten years for females and seven for males in and plateaued around 25 for females and 15 for males in the period — Significant migration took place in the first years of Ukrainian independence.
In total, between and , 2. Its immediate tasks were to help refugees and prisoners of war, care for handicapped people and orphaned children, fight famine and epidemics, support and organize sick quarters, hospitals and public canteens.
At present, society involves more than 6. Its Visiting Nurses Service has 3, qualified nurses. The organization takes part in more than 40 humanitarian programmes all over Ukraine, which are mostly funded by public donation and corporate partnerships.
Retrieved on 21 June Retrieved 29 November Retrieved 15 September Retrieved 26 July Ukrainian state register of shareholders. Archived from the original on Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 22 March Ukraine portal Companies portal Aviation portal.
Members of the Association of European Airlines. Members of the International Air Transport Association. China and North Asia regional office.
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