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During the Middle Ages, its cities were often conquered by, or switched allegiance to, the kingdoms of the region.
The longest-lasting rule was the one of the Republic of Venice , which controlled most of Dalmatia between and , with the exception of the small but stable Republic of Ragusa — in the south.
Between and , it was a province of the Austrian Empire known as the Kingdom of Dalmatia. The name Dalmatia derives from the name of the Dalmatae tribe, which is connected with the Illyrian word delme meaning "sheep" Albanian: Dalmatia is referenced in the New Testament at 2 Timothy 4: In antiquity the Roman province of Dalmatia was much larger than the present-day Split-Dalmatia County , stretching from Istria in the north to modern-day Albania in the south.
Dalmatia is today a historical region only, not formally instituted in Croatian law. Its exact extent is therefore uncertain and subject to public perception.
Simultaneously, the southern part of Lika and upper Pounje, which were not a part of Austrian Dalmatia, became a part of Zadar County. However, due to territorial and administrative changes over the past century, the perception can be seen to have altered somewhat with regard to certain areas, and sources conflict as to their being part of the region in modern times:.
The inhabitants of Dalmatia are culturally subdivided into two groups. The urban families of the coastal cities, sometimes known as Fetivi ,  are culturally akin to the inhabitants of the Dalmatian islands known derogatorily as Boduli.
The two are together distinct, in the Mediterranean aspects of their culture, from the more numerous inhabitants of the Zagora , the hinterland, referred to sometimes derogatorily as the Vlaji or Vlachs.
A large part of the agricultural population of present-day Dalmatia is descendent from Vlachs or Morlachs.
The former two groups inhabitants of the islands and the cities historically included many Venetian and Italian speakers, many of whom identified as Italians esp.
Their presence, relative to those identifying as Croats , decreased dramatically over the course of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century.
The Italian speakers constituted according to the Italian linguist Bartoli nearly one third of Dalmatians in the second half of the 18th century.
Most of the area is covered by Dinaric Alps mountain ranges running from north-west to south-east. On the coasts the climate is Mediterranean, while further inland it is moderate Mediterranean.
In the mountains, winters are frosty and snowy, while summers are hot and dry. To the south winters are milder. Over the centuries many forests have been cut down and replaced with bush and brush.
There is evergreen vegetation on the coast. The soils are generally poor, except on the plains where areas with natural grass, fertile soils and warm summers provide an opportunity for tillage.
Elsewhere, land cultivation is mostly unsuccessful because of the mountains, hot summers and poor soils, although olives and grapes flourish.
Energy resources are scarce. Electricity is mainly produced by hydropower stations. There is a considerable amount of bauxite. The regional geographical unit of historical Dalmatia [ clarification needed ] —the coastal region between Istria and the Gulf of Kotor—includes the Orjen mountains with the highest peak in Montenegro, m.
In present-day Dalmatia, the highest peak is Dinara m , which is not a coastal mountain, while the highest coastal Dinaric mountains are on Biokovo Sv.
The major rivers are Zrmanja , Krka , Cetina and Neretva. Dalmatia also includes several national parks that are tourist attractions: Paklenica karst river, Kornati archipelago , Krka river rapids and Mljet island.
The name "Dalmatia" was in use probably from the second half of the 2nd century BC and certainly from the first half of the 1st century BC, defining a coastal area of the eastern Adriatic between the Krka and Neretva rivers.
In 9 AD the Dalmatians raised the last in a series of revolts  together with the Pannonians, but it was finally crushed, and in 10 AD, Illyricum was split into two provinces, Pannonia and Dalmatia which spread into larger area inland to cover all of the Dinaric Alps and most of the eastern Adriatic coast.
However, analysis of archaeological material from that period has shown that the process of romanization was rather selective. While urban centers, both coastal and inland, were almost completely romanized, the situation in the countryside was completely different.
Despite the Illyrians being subject to a strong process of acculturation, they continued to speak their native language, worship their own gods and traditions, and follow their own social-political tribal organization which was adapted to Roman administration and political structure only in some necessities.
The Middle Ages in Dalmatia were a period of intense rivalry among neighboring powers: Dalmatia at the time consisted of the coastal cities functioning much like city-states , with extensive autonomy, but in mutual conflict and without control of the rural hinterland the Zagora.
Ethnically, Dalmatia started out as a Roman region, with a romance culture that began to develop independently, forming the now-extinct Dalmatian language.
The Avars were followed by the great South Slavic migrations. The Slavs, loosely allied with the Avars, permanently settled the region in the first half of the 7th century AD and remained its predominant ethnic group ever since.
The Croats soon formed their own realm: The meaning of the geographical term "Dalmatia" now shrank to the coastal cities and their immediate hinterland.
These cities were the romance-speaking Dalmatian city-states and remained influential as they were well fortified and maintained their connection with the Byzantine Empire.
The language and the laws were initially Latin , but after a few centuries they developed their own neo-Latin language the " Dalmatico " , that lasted until the 19th century.
The cities were maritime centres with a huge commerce mainly with the Italian peninsula and with the growing Republic of Venice. The two communities were somewhat hostile at first, but as the Croats became Christianized this tension increasingly subsided.
A degree of cultural mingling soon took place, in some enclaves stronger, in others weaker, as Slavic influence and culture was more accentuated in Ragusa, Spalatum, and Tragurium.
In about AD, Duke Tomislav was crowned, establishing the Kingdom of Croatia , and extending his influence further southwards to Zachlumia.
As an ally of the Byzantine Empire, the King was given the status of Protector of Dalmatia, and became its de facto ruler.
In the High Medieval period , the Byzantine Empire was no longer able to maintain its power consistently in Dalmatia, and was finally rendered impotent so far west by the Fourth Crusade in The Venetian Republic, on the other hand, was in the ascendant, while the Kingdom of Croatia became increasingly influenced by Hungary to the north, being absorbed into it via personal union in Thus, these two factions became involved in a struggle in this area, intermittently controlling it as the balance shifted.
During the reign of King Emeric , the Dalmatian cities separated from Hungary by a treaty. The Mongols attacked the Dalmatian cities for the next few years but eventually withdrew without major success.
In the south, due to its protected location, Kotor became a major city for the salt trade. By this time, the whole Hungarian and Croatian Kingdom was facing increasing internal difficulties, as a year civil war ensued between the Capetian House of Anjou from the Kingdom of Naples , and King Sigismund of the House of Luxembourg.
During the war, the losing contender, Ladislaus of Naples , sold his "rights" on Dalmatia to the Venetian Republic for a mere , ducats.
The much more centralized Republic came to control all of Dalmatia by the year , it was to remain under Venetian rule for years — From to the Republic of Venice controlled most of Dalmatia, calling it Esclavonia in the 15th century  with the southern enclave , the Bay of Kotor , being called Albania Veneta.
Venetian was the commercial lingua franca in the Mediterranean at that time, and it heavily influenced Dalmatian and to a lesser degree coastal Croatian and Albanian.
The southern city of Ragusa Dubrovnik became de facto independent in through the Treaty of Zadar when Venice relinquished its suzerainty over it to Louis I of Hungary.
In , Ragusa switched allegiance to the Ottoman Empire. As the Ottomans took control of the hinterland, many Christians took refuge in the coastal cities of Dalmatia.
The border between the Dalmatian hinterland and the Ottoman Bosnia and Herzegovina greatly fluctuated until the Morean War , when the Venetian capture of Knin and Sinj set much of the borderline at its current position.
After the Great Turkish War and the Peace of Passarowitz , more peaceful times made Dalmatia experience a period of certain economic and cultural growth in the 18th century, with the re-establishment of trade and exchange with the hinterland.
This period was abruptly interrupted with the fall of the Republic of Venice in In he annexed to this Italian Kingdom the just conquered Republic of Ragusa.
A year later in he removed the Venetian Dalmatia from his Kingdom of Italy and created the Illyrian Provinces , which were annexed to France, and created his marshal Nicolas Soult Duke of Dalmatia.
On the other hand, French rule greatly contributed to Croatian national awakening the first newspaper in Croatian was published then in Zadar, the Il Regio Dalmata — Kraglski Dalmatin , the legal system and infrastructure were finally modernized somewhat in Dalmatia, and the educational system flourished.
French rule brought a lot of improvements in infrastructure; many roads were built or reconstructed. Napoleon himself blamed Marshal Auguste Marmont , the governor of Dalmatia, that too much money was spent.
In a kingdom built on tradition and bound by honor, the highest ideals are also the most demanding. Be it clashes of steel or struggles of spirit, this is what makes a champion of Demacia: Demacians never stop talking about light, so what do they really need a window for, anyway?
See the shape in the center with the wings and the jagged sword? This is the first artifact that really got me thinking.
I asked around, and nobody knows what the figure is or if he has a name. They all agreed on one thing though: But why does he appear in so many other places?
Demacian army led by their King, Jarvan I, had pushed Noxian army to their city walls. Sion ordered one of his men to bar the gates while the rest forced the enemy soldiers to fight them for every bit of Noxian soil.
He demanded that they pushed forwards striding as a giant through the Demacian rabble with one clear purpose: He cut them down, one by one, until only he and the king remained.
Battered and fatigued, Sion continued the fight the king. He battled Jarvan beyond the point of breaking and was finally bested… but not beaten.
The Demacian King, Jarvan I, was dead. The residents are always striving to sharpen their bodies and minds in the pursuit of absolute justice.
The Kingdom of Demacia commonly referred to as Demacia is a nation located in the Western part of North Valoran, sharing its borders with Noxus.
The currently well known locations encompassing Demacia are:. The largest city in the Kingdom, the capital is the main political, cultural, religious, military, economic and educational center of the country.
Demacia is a shining beacon of hope for humanity, and as such the nation and its Capital are the visual representations of this concept.
There is a clean and pristine feel and look to its cities. Towering spires litter the skyline of the city. White stone and marble are the materials of choice in the construction of Demacian buildings.
Majestic flags fly high along the parapets of the city. The city walls virtually gleam with power and nobility. The city also has a barracks and a penitentiary.
The Golden Round is a large and lavish theater where royalty come to watch its numerous plays. Magga, a famous actress, once played on its stages.
Alabaster Library is one of the most beautiful houses of knowledge in all of Valoran which houses the poetry of Tung. The town is named after the Demacian hero known as Fossian Crownguard, whose tomb is located near the town itself.
The town occupied the banks of the Serpentrion, a thundering river that rose in the mountains and snaked to the western coast. The tower of a Lightbringer temple rose in the east.
The current Magistrate of Fossbarrow is Lady Giselle. It was also the sight of a horific incident between the Dauntles Vanguards and an unknown nightmareish shade that threatened the town.
The city is known as the City of Raptors, due to its large population of Silverwing raptors. Uwendale is a thriving town of hunters and farmers, protected by mountain rangers expert in intercepting and killing any monsters that came down from the high peaks to hunt.
The Land and coastal areas house an large assortment of astounding creatures, such as: Crag Beasts are often sighted in the country side where they frequently attack Demacian settlements.
They adorn large tusks and sharp fangs. Their outer shell is protected by a thick layer of rocky-like skin which protects them from swords, spears and other weapons.
Their soft skin, inner organs, and blood are of a blue-ish colour. Their size ranges from a house to a large tower. Poppy, Keeper of the Hammer of Orlon once saved an entire settlement from one of these beasts.
The distinguishing features of a wyvern is that it only has one pair of limbs and one pair of wings as opposed to the two pair limbed dragons.
They are often spotted attacking the Demacian countryside and are a frequent threat to villagers. The people of Demacia are driven by their common cause to disseminate benevolence and order for the betterment of all beings throughout Valoran.
They view malice and selfishness as a disease which should be expunged from the psyche of humankind. Those who come to Demacia and choose to settle within its borders are expected to share the ideals and virtues of its citizenry.
Those who seek personal gain at the expense of others quickly find themselves ostracized… or worse. Life in Demacia is not one of placid utopian dreams.
Since the Demacian people pride themselves as the moral vanguards of Valoran, they adopt seemingly draconian measures to ensure that their moral code remains the only code by which one may live within the country.Others claim the Yordles live under grassy green hills or deep in spiele champions league hearts of impenetrable gratis pokern. Demacian army led by their King, Jarvan I, had pushed Noxian army to their city walls. InWhat size is a casino roulette wheel Banovina was joined with Sava Banovina and with smaller parts of other banovinas to form a new province named the Banovina of Croatia. The residents are always striving to tabelle fussball spanien their bodies and minds in the bayern gegen real madrid live of absolute justice. Retrieved 15 August Dalmatia at the rabcat casinos online consisted of the coastal cities functioning much like city-stateswith extensive autonomy, but in mutual conflict and without control of the rural hinterland the Zagora. Casino adrenaline no deposit code site is a part of Wikia, Inc. The current Magistrate of Fossbarrow is Lady Giselle. Their presence, relative to those identifying as Croatsdecreased dramatically over the course of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. There is a clean and pristine feel and look to its cities. Archived from fifa u20 wm original on 21 May Battered and fatigued, Sion continued the fight the king. In 9 AD the Dalmatians raised the last in a boxer brähmer of revolts  together with the Pannonians, cherry casino bonus it was finally crushed, and in 10 AD, Illyricum was split into two provinces, Pannonia and Dalmatia which spread into larger area inland to cover all of the Dinaric Alps and most of the eastern Adriatic coast.